By Garcia J.L.L., de Castro M.D.L.
This booklet goals to supply scientists with information regarding a sequence of recommendations that may be used with the intention to facilitating the transformation of the pattern to a suitable country for next detection or quantitation of its elements of curiosity. The ideas handled diversity from the extremely simple ones (e.g. freeze-drying) to different extra advanced ones (e.g. glow discharge and laser-induced breakdown sampling).
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The conditioning of samples for electron microprobe analysis in studies of the soil/root interface  or electron microscopy research based on the use of critical drying point to prepare solid samples , the extraction of soluble acid phosphates from plants during fixation of the material with liquid nitrogen , and the comparison of the performance of thermal processes and freeze-drying as storage methods for food products prior to the determination of metal traces , are but a few selected applications that testify to the improvements provided by freeze-drying the sample prior to the determination of inorganic species.
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