Affirmative Action in the United States and India (Routledge by T. WEISSKOPF

By T. WEISSKOPF

Arguably, of an important nationwide studies with regulations of confident discrimination in want of traditionally deprived ethnic or caste minority teams are the situations of 'Affirmative motion' within the usa and 'Reservation regulations' in India. This crucial new e-book examines the implications of affirmative motion in either international locations utilizing a transparent cost-benefit research. All people with an curiosity in affirmative motion will delight in the book's lucidity, use of proof and coverage implications.

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12 The fact that benefits of reservation policies for the functioning of a democratic system are rarely stressed is probably due to a widespread sense among Indian intellectuals that party affiliations and voting patterns are already so tied up with caste and community identity that policies like reservations, which further stress that kind of identity, may well weaken rather than strengthen democracy in India. Indian proponents of positive discrimination have also alluded on occasion to the argument that it will increase the motivation to improve one’s lot in life on the part of members of under-represented ethnic groups.

Affirmative action has been a highly controversial topic in US public life since the early 1990s. Many books, articles, and newspaper reports have addressed this topic; and one can find both passionate proponents and passionate opponents among those who are most widely read and heard on the subject. In the 1960s and 1970s, US “opinion-makers” appeared to be predominantly in favor of AA policies in general, if not in every detail. At present, however, the intellectual elite appears to be quite divided on the subject.

Over time the extent of the opposition has grown significantly in each country; positive discrimination has become an increasingly controversial issue and the subject of increasingly heated debate. In this chapter I begin by reviewing in more detail the evolution of public opinion about affirmative action in the US and reservation policies in India. Then I go on to explore the particular arguments that have been made by proponents of positive discrimination (PD) policies, and those that have been advanced by opponents of these policies, in each country.

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