African American Urban History since World War II by Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter

By Kenneth L. Kusmer, Joe W. Trotter

Historians have committed unusually little recognition to African American city background of the postwar interval, particularly in comparison with past many years. Correcting this imbalance, African American city heritage on the grounds that international conflict II positive factors a thrilling mixture of professional students and clean new voices whose mixed efforts give you the first accomplished evaluate of this significant subject.            the 1st of this volume’s 5 groundbreaking sections makes a speciality of black migration and Latino immigration, interpreting tensions and alliances that emerged among African americans and different teams. Exploring the demanding situations of residential segregation and deindustrialization, later sections take on such issues because the actual property industry’s discriminatory practices, the flow of middle-class blacks to the suburbs, and the impression of black city activists on nationwide employment and social welfare guidelines. one other staff of participants examines those topics during the lens of gender, chronicling deindustrialization’s disproportionate effect on girls and women’s prime roles in routine for social switch. Concluding with a suite of essays on black tradition and intake, this quantity totally realizes its target of linking neighborhood alterations with the nationwide and worldwide approaches that impact city classification and race relatives.

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The same data also show that migrants struggled with labor markets that offered only limited opportunities to African Americans. If anyone had headed north expecting to escape severe racial discrimination, they would indeed have been disappointed. The clearest way to demonstrate the powerful effects of race in the labor markets of the North and West is to compare the jobs and incomes of black southern migrants with those of white southern migrants, who shared many of the background factors (mostly rural southern origins, mostly poorly educated) and who were participating in their own great migration out of the South.

As a result, Seaside’s history is closely tied to Fort Ord, and the city took on the character of a military town—for better or worse—from the 1950s through the early 1990s. As the small population of Seasiders soared (to nearly twenty thousand by 1960), so, too, did the number of military-related residents, a growing percentage of whom were minority, especially African American. S. Army infantry divisions, Fort Ord was home to the Seventh Infantry Regiment and the Second Filipino Regiment, both of which contained many mixedrace families—black soldiers who had married French or German women after the war and Filipino soldiers who had also intermarried with various European-origin women.

The gender distribution had something to do with unequal job opportunities in the rural South. Farmwork privileged young males, especially as agriculture contracted and family-oriented production through tenant farming and sharecropping gave way to employment on consolidated and mechanized farms. Because this was usually seasonal and undependable work, it put pressure on family incomes. Female incomes became increasingly important but also increasingly difficult as women in the rural South competed for scarce positions, mostly in domestic service.

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