By Bruce L. Gardner
American agriculture within the 20th century has given the realm one in all its nice good fortune tales, a paradigm of productiveness and many. but the tale has its darkish part, from the plight of the Okies within the Thirties to the farm situation of the Nineteen Eighties to modern issues approximately low crop costs and the influence of biotechnology. U.S. farming over the last century, Bruce Gardner searches out causes for either the amazing development and the continual social difficulties that experience marked the heritage of yank agriculture. Gardner files either the commercial problems that experience faced farmers and the technological and fiscal adjustments that experience lifted them from relative poverty to financial parity with the nonfarm inhabitants. He presents an in depth research of the explanations of those tendencies, with emphasis at the position of presidency motion. He studies how commodity help courses, pushed via interest-group politics, have spent hundreds of thousands of billions of greenbacks to little function. still, Gardner concludes that by means of reconciling competing monetary pursuits whereas fostering productiveness progress and fiscal integration of the farm and nonfarm economies, the final twentieth-century position of presidency in American agriculture in all fairness seen as a triumph of democracy. (20030101)
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Additional info for American Agriculture in the Twentieth Century: How It Flourished and What It Cost
S. S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics, various years. est for wheat and soybean yields. Milk per cow rose from 12,000 pounds annually in 1980–81 to 14,900 pounds in 1990–91, while wheat yields rose from 33 bushels per acre in 1980 to 39 bushels in 1990. But even though the numerical gain is much larger for milk, in percentage terms the rate of gain is quite similar, 24 percent for milk and 18 percent for wheat. S. cropland harvested (excluding orchard acreage). This graph, as many of those that follow in this book, begins at 1910 rather than 1900 as might be thought more natural in a book about twentieth-century agriculture.
5 times, from 40 to 100. S. agriculture, which grew by 7 times since 1950. Note also that while the graph clearly shows the slowdown in nonfarm productivity growth that began in 1970s, there is much less of a slowdown in agriculture. It does appear that the rate of growth in farm labor productivity has slowed since 1985, with the observations since then all lying below the 1940–1996 trendline. 5), with an acceleration of both indicators after 1935. 0 percent for labor productivity. ) Attempting to pull all the partial productivity measures together results in a confusing story.
The only difference is the higher wage rate relative to purchased input prices in 1970. The 1970 prices give more weight to the decline in labor input. Incorporating land and capital equipment inputs in a multifactor input index makes the calculations more complicated but does not change the basic result: if we use factor-price weights from early in the century, we get a much higher rate of growth of aggregate farm inputs than if we use factorprice weights from recent years. Acquaye, Alston, and Pardey (2000, p.