America's Struggle Against Poverty in the Twentieth Century by James T. Patterson

By James T. Patterson

This re-creation of Patterson's commonly used booklet includes the tale of battles over poverty and social welfare via what the writer calls the "amazing 1990s," these years of outstanding functionality of the economic system. He explores more than a few matters coming up from the commercial phenomenon--increasing inequality and calls for to be used of a stronger poverty definition. He focuses the tale at the effect of the hugely debatable welfare reform of 1996, glided by a Republican Congress and signed by means of a Democratic President Clinton, regardless of the laments of anguished liberals.

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With these traits, boys would develop “character”—a key goal. ” Lee and others praised the ef- The Gospel of Prevention, Progressive Style 23 23 forts of Booker T. Washington, whose Tuskegee Institute attempted to help young blacks develop manual skills. 13 Most settlement houses, which proliferated between 1900 and 1915, enthusiastically supported preventive reforms. The left wing of the settlement house movement went further, favoring a broad range of such social reforms as minimum wages for women and children, unemployment insurance, the abolition of child labor, and racial justice.

He, too, dispensed with moralisms: “Neither race qualities nor national characteristics account for the presence of such poverty. It persists as an accompaniment of modern economic life, in widely removed countries 22 22 The Preventive Impulse among ethnically different peoples. ” Where Hunter, then discovering socialism, had been grim and uncompromising, Hollander displayed the optimism of the preventive faith. His book, published in 1914, was titled Abolition of Poverty. Poverty, he said, was not so structurally connected to capitalism as Hunter thought.

After a sharp depression in 1921, per capita income rose every year until 1929. 22 Improved standards of living accompanied these gains. However one measured such standards—diet, size and quality of housing, number of home appliances—most Americans were better off in the 1920s than they had ever been. Even a working-class family could afford to buy a Model T Ford, which cost less than $300 in the late 1920s. Most dramatic were improvements in health, reflected in statistics on longevity. 7 in 1930.

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