An illustrated dictionary of the gods and symbols of Ancient by Mary Ellen Miller

By Mary Ellen Miller

Мифы, верования и культура древней Мезоамерики (майя, ацтеки, тольтеки)

»The Gods and emblems of historic Mexico and the Maya» is the first-ever English-language dictionary
of Mesoamerican mythology and faith. approximately three hundred entries, from accession to yoke, describe the most gods
and symbols of the Olmecs, Zapotecs, Maya, Teotihuacanos, Mixtecs, Toltecs, and Aztecs.
Topics variety from jaguar and jester gods to reptile eye and rubber, from production bills and sacred areas
to ritual practices corresponding to bloodletting, confession, dance, and pilgrimage.

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A fine JADE mosaic exam ple o f a b at head was discovered d uring excavations a t the Zapotee site o f M o n te A lban. D a tin g to approxim ately the beginning o f the C h ristian era, this Agure displays the forehead crest as w e ll as the rounded ears The baptism of Aztec infants, tools for males above and females below the central bowl of water; detail from Codex Mendoza. and fanged snout. T h e three p endant CELTlik e stones id e n tify this rem arkab le mask as a pectoral or b e lt piece.

Stone ballgam e trophies w ere p rized fu n e ra ry offerings and m ay have been req u ired by the in te rre d in order to face the U n d erw o rld gods. pations o f m en and w om en. A b ove, one can discern the m asculine tools o f th e sculptor, baptism W h en the Brst Spanish priests arriv ed in N e w Spain, they w e re surprised to Bnd n ative form s o f baptism , in this case the ritu a l bathing o f infants and child ren . In Yucatán, according to D iego de L an d a, a n ative PRIEST sprinkled m ale and fem ale c h il­ fe a th e rw o rk e r, p a in te r, and goldsm ith, along w ith the a ll-im p o rta n t fe a th e r and shield o f the w a rrio r.

The sun, moon, planets and constellations exerted powerful influences upon people and the world. Two astronomical events that were of supreme importance were solar eclipses and the Brst appearance of Venus as Morning Star. The ancient Maya, with the most developed form of astronomical notation known for Mesoamerica, had elaborate tables recording and predicting eclipses and the cycle of Venus. It was widely believed that the world could be destroyed by demons of darkness during solar eclipses. Moreover, the rays of the Morning Star at heliacal rising were considered to be particularly dangerous, and threatened speciBc people and things of the natural world.

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