Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and by Christian V. Stevens(eds.)

By Christian V. Stevens(eds.)

Plant biomass is attracting expanding realization as a sustainable source for large-scale creation of renewable fuels and chemical compounds. notwithstanding, so as to effectively compete with petroleum, it will be significant that biomass conversion tactics are designed to lessen expenditures and maximize yields. Advances in pretreatment know-how are severe to be able to enhance high-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels and chemicals.

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for organic and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals offers a entire evaluate of the at the moment on hand aqueous pretreatment applied sciences for cellulosic biomass, highlighting the elemental chemistry and biology of every approach, key attributes and boundaries, and possibilities for destiny advances.

Topics coated include:

• The value of biomass conversion to fuels
• The position of pretreatment in organic and chemical conversion of biomass
• Composition and constitution of biomass, and recalcitrance to conversion
• Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, impartial and excessive pH
• Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments to fractionate biomass
• Comparative facts for software of best pretreatments and influence of enzyme formulations
• Physical and chemical beneficial properties of pretreated biomass
• Economics of pretreatment for organic processing
• Methods of study and enzymatic conversion of biomass streams
• Experimental  pretreatment platforms from multiwell plates to pilot plant operations 

This finished reference e-book presents an authoritative resource of data at the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass to assist these skilled within the box to entry the most up-tp-date details at the topic.  it is going to even be important to these coming into the starting to be box of biomass conversion.

Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–15): Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 2 Cellulosic Biofuels: value, Recalcitrance, and Pretreatment (pages 17–21): Lee Lynd and Mark Laser
Chapter three Plant telephone partitions: fundamentals of constitution, Chemistry, Accessibility and the effect on Conversion (pages 23–38): Brian H. Davison, Jerry Parks, Mark F. Davis and Bryon S. Donohoe
Chapter four organic Conversion of vegetation to Fuels and chemical substances and the results of Inhibitors (pages 39–60): Eduardo Ximenes, Youngmi Kim and Michael R. Ladisch
Chapter five Catalytic techniques for changing Lignocellulosic Carbohydrates to Fuels and chemical substances (pages 61–102): Jesse Q. Bond, David Martin Alonso and James A. Dumesic
Chapter 6 basics of Biomass Pretreatment at Low pH (pages 103–128): Heather L. Trajano and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 7 basics of Aqueous Pretreatment of Biomass (pages 129–143): Nathan S. Mosier
Chapter eight basics of Biomass Pretreatment at excessive pH (pages 145–167): Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Mark Holtzapple and Natalia Piamonte
Chapter nine Primer on Ammonia Fiber growth Pretreatment (pages 169–200): S. P. S. Chundawat, B. Bals, T. Campbell, L. Sousa, D. Gao, M. Jin, P. Eranki, R. Garlock, F. Teymouri, Venkatesh Balan and Bruce E. Dale
Chapter 10 basics of Biomass Pretreatment by way of Fractionation (pages 201–222): Poulomi Sannigrahi and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter eleven Ionic Liquid Pretreatment: Mechanism, functionality, and demanding situations (pages 223–238): Seema Singh and Blake A. Simmons
Chapter 12 Comparative functionality of top Pretreatment applied sciences for organic Conversion of Corn Stover, Poplar wooden, and Switchgrass to Sugars (pages 239–259): Charles E. Wyman, Bruce E. Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Richard T. Elander, Mark T. Holtzapple, Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Michael R. Ladisch, Nathan S. Mosier, Y. Y. Lee, Rajesh Gupta, Steven R. Thomas, Bonnie R. Hames, Ryan Warner and Rajeev Kumar
Chapter thirteen results of Enzyme formula and Loadings on Conversion of Biomass Pretreated by way of major applied sciences (pages 261–279): Rajesh Gupta and Y. Y. Lee
Chapter 14 actual and Chemical gains of Pretreated Biomass that impression Macro?/Micro?Accessibility and organic Processing (pages 281–310): Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 15 Economics of Pretreatment for organic Processing (pages 311–333): Ling Tao, Andy Aden and Richard T. Elander
Chapter sixteen development within the Summative research of Biomass Feedstocks for Biofuels creation (pages 335–354): Foster A. Agblevor and Junia Pereira
Chapter 17 High?Throughput NIR research of Biomass Pretreatment Streams (pages 355–368): Bonnie R. Hames
Chapter 18 Plant Biomass Characterization: program of answer? and Solid?State NMR Spectroscopy (pages 369–390): Yunqiao Pu, Bassem Hallac and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter 19 Xylooligosaccharides creation, Quantification, and Characterization in Context of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment (pages 391–415): Qing Qing, Hongjia Li, Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 20 Experimental Pretreatment platforms from Laboratory to Pilot Scale (pages 417–450): Richard T. Elander
Chapter 21 Experimental Enzymatic Hydrolysis platforms (pages 451–469): Todd Lloyd and Chaogang Liu
Chapter 22 High?Throughput Pretreatment and Hydrolysis platforms for Screening Biomass Species in Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass (pages 471–488): Jaclyn DeMartini and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 23 Laboratory Pretreatment platforms to appreciate Biomass Deconstruction (pages 489–521): Bin Yang and Melvin Tucker

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Additional info for Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Example text

Bobleter, O. and Concin, R. (1979) Degradation of poplar lignin by hydrothermal treatment. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 13, 583–593. 100. K. et al. (1996) Optimization of reverse-flow, two-temperature, dilute-acid pretreatment to enhance biomass conversion to ethanol. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 57–8, 85–101. 1 Our Place in History The two most profound societal transformations in history have been spawned by radical shifts in humankind’s use of natural resources. The agricultural revolution, which spanned about two millennia beginning around 4000 BC, saw hunter-gatherer societies subsisting on wild plants and animals being largely displaced by those cultivating the land to produce crops and domesticated livestock.

Bimetallic PtSn catalysts selectively hydrogenate furfural to furfural alcohol, which acids can further hydrolyze to levulinic acid (LA), a reactive building block for hydrocarbon fuels. LA can in turn be converted into gamma-valerolactone (GVL) over Ru/C catalyst. Further, GVL can be converted to equimolar amounts of butene and carbon dioxide gases through decarboxylation at elevated pressures over a silica/alumina catalyst. , H ZSM-5, Amberlyst-70) that links butene monomers to achieve molecular weights that can be compatible with gasoline and/or jet fuel applications [59].

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 164 (7), 1139–1149. 95. , and Wyman, C. (1992) High solids simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of pretreated wheat straw to ethanol. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 33 (2), 67–81. 96. Yang, B. E. (2004) Effect of xylan and lignin removal by batch and flowthrough pretreatment on the enzymatic digestibility of corn stover cellulose. Biotechnology and Bioenginnering, 86 (1), 88–95. 97. Liu, C. E. (2004) Effect of the flow rate of a very dilute sulfuric acid on xylan, lignin, and total mass removal from corn stover.

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