By Robert D. Hoge
Our society's preoccupation with crime and worry of crime seems to have shifted its concentration to the juvenile criminal. either digital and print media continually warn us that juvenile offenders are more and more more youthful and extra virulent. The demographics of our inhabitants recommend that there'll merely be extra juvenile offenders to worry within the close to destiny. All of those matters come up in a social weather that's characterised by way of an ever expanding call for for more desirable retributive measures opposed to the criminal. the idea that merely harsh justice will guard us from the ravages of juveniles has develop into dominant. more and more, perceptions and politics, instead of medical information, dominate coverage making in regards to younger offenders. In Assessing the younger criminal: matters and methods, Robert D. Hoge and D. A. Andrews make a constrained, rational, and eventually persuasive argu ment for using standardized mental tests within the powerful administration of youngster inside juvenile justice platforms. They make clear how what we already find out about the reason and administration of younger criminality should be included into standardized checking out and that the data received from trying out can increase the management of legal justice. furthermore, this informa tion turns out to be useful regardless of the theoretical biases of these who administer the justice procedure. The potency of guidelines of both retribution, deterrence, or rehabilitation is barely superior via reliance on data.
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Extra resources for Assessing the Youthful Offender: Issues and Techniques
As we will see, for example, numerous efforts have been made to develop risk assessment measures; these are measures that are presumably capable of providing information about the likelihood of future criminal activity. Evaluations of criterion-related validity are generally based on correlation 36 D CIYpter 3 coefficients and their accompanying confidence indices. 05. 47 provides us with information about the degree of association between the personality test scores and the criterion of interest, while the confidence index tells us that there are fewer than 5 chances in 100 of obtaining an association of that magnitude under chance circumstances (given a particular number of observations).
There is a heavy dependence on informal and unsystematic assessment procedures 3. , Doob & Beauliea, 1993; Hoge, Andrews, & Leschied, 1995; Niarhos & Routh, 1992; Schissel, 1993). While decisions within juvenile justice systems are usually guided to some degree by statute and administrative procedures, police, prosecutors, judges, and others are generally permitted considerable latitude in the selection among alternative courses of action. This provision for discretion is, of course, not necessarily undesirable.
They have defined construct validity in terms of the theoretical meaning or accuracy of a measure. For example, in the case of an intelligence test, we would raise a question about the actual meaning of the score from the test: Just what does it represent in terms of the cognitive functioning of the individual? The same type of question could be raised of an assessment indicating a diagnosis of AttentionDeficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. The issue in this case would concern the actual implications of that assessment for the functioning and behavior of the individual.