Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics by Adrian E. Gill

By Adrian E. Gill

During this paintings, Dr. Gill seems on the examine of oceanic and atmospheric circulations. He explains how atmospheric and oceanic circulations are finally pushed by way of solar power, and covers the research of saw distributions of actual amounts, together with temperature.

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For a history of the concept of salinity see Wallace (1974) and Lewis (1980). 1) has been found by experiment correct to better than five parts per million. Appendix 3 gives polynomial approximations that can be used to calculate p to the accuracy to which it is known. In addition, a table is included in Appendix 3 that gives p correct to 30 parts per million by linear interpolation. The relative proportions of the gases that are found in air are also very closely constant, with the exception of water vapor.

1) 7"(cp)COS' cp dcp = 0. This is the quantitative expression of the principle that Hadley appealed to. The force of the atmosphere on the underlying surface may be exerted in two different ways. One is the force exerted on irregularities in the surface associated with pressure differences across the irregularities. The second is by viscous stresses. The irregularities on which forces are exerted may vary in size from mountain ranges like the Andes down to trees, blades of grass, and ocean surface waves.

The eccentricity varies sufficiently for the amplitude of seasonal variations in the incident radiation to change between 0 and 15% and the time of the maximum also changes. The effects of these changes on the incident radiation are given by Berger (1979), and the theory is discussed by Imbrie and Imbrie (1979) and Monin (1972, Chapter 4). Periods during which the amount of radiation received in summer over the highlatitude continental areas of the northern hemisphere was small appear to coincide with ice ages.

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