By Jody Azzouni
A desirable research of the boundaries among technological know-how and language, exhibiting that the workings of language fit with the legislation and strategies of technology, and that the language of technology should be taken actually to explain the reality.
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Extra resources for Azzouni - Knowledge and Reference in Empirical Science
Cartwright offers a Kuhnian explanation: Program and scope 19 The phenomena to be described are endlessly complex. In order to pursue any collective research, a group must be able to delimit the kinds of models that are even contenders. If there were endlessly many possible ways for a particular research community to hook up phenomena with intellectual constructions, model building would be entirely chaotic, and there would be no consensus of shared problems on which to work. (1983:143–4) And a little later, she adds: A good theory aims to cover a wide variety of phenomena with as few principles as possible….
The undecidability of the predicate calculus) originating it. See, for details, Dreben and Goldfarb (1979) and Lewis (1979). Of course, this example is restricted, pretty much, to pure mathematics: Since the subject is so little applied, it does not illustrate how the scope of an empirical science is affected by the mathematics applied to it. On the other hand, one also searches for general theorems that can be applied to differential equations, or to sets of such equations, when they can’t be solved, and which can answer important physical questions despite this.
For perhaps the theory behind chemical stoichiometry is confirmed not in the direct way one might have naively expected but in a more sophisticated way that turns on the simultaneous application of other subsidiary theories about materials used in the reaction process, temperature changes, and so on. But then, the objection goes, what we have here is a special science whose laws apply to the phenomena they apply to in conjunction with Knowledge and reference in empirical science 18 laws from other sciences.