Baltic Coastal Ecosystems: Structure, Function and Coastal by Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

By Gerald Schernewski, Ulrich Schiewer

Between November 20 and 23, 2000, the workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal sector administration" came about in Rostock, Ger­ many. The workshop was once organised through the Institute of Aquatic Ecology of the collage of Rostock and the Baltic Sea learn Institute Warnemiinde on be­ half the Wissenschafts-Verbund Umwelt (WVU) on the collage of Rostock. It was once the 3rd trans-disciplinary occasion that attempted to hyperlink ecological and socio­ low-budget features with admire to the Baltic Sea. the 1st symposium was once held in 1992, entitled "The way forward for the Baltic Sea - Ecology, Economics, Administra­ tion and Teaching", and the second one occasion came about in 1996, entitled "Sustainable improvement in Coastal areas - a comparability among North Atlantic Coast and Baltic Sea". The workshop "Baltic Coastal Ecosystems - constitution, functionality and Coastal sector administration" attempted to supply an interdisciplinary discussion board for discussions, the alternate of rules and the presentation of medical effects with admire to the Bal­ tic coast.

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_. ". , .. . , Fig. 5. Location of the connections between the Baltic and the Darss-Zingst Bodden Chain that were closed by human activities. Note: the connection closed by deposition in 1929/30 was probably first opened by a storm flood in 1304. Macrophytes in Coastal Lagoons of the Southern Baltic 39 comparable human impact on the water exchange characteristics by dredging or deposition can be demonstrated for almost all estuaries along the southern Baltic coast.

Fig. 5. Location of the connections between the Baltic and the Darss-Zingst Bodden Chain that were closed by human activities. Note: the connection closed by deposition in 1929/30 was probably first opened by a storm flood in 1304. Macrophytes in Coastal Lagoons of the Southern Baltic 39 comparable human impact on the water exchange characteristics by dredging or deposition can be demonstrated for almost all estuaries along the southern Baltic coast. On the other hand, it is difficult to estimate the present situation without human impacts, as some of the channels might have been closed naturally by sediment dislocation processes or opened by storm floods over time.

There is an increasing productivity gradient from the eastern basin, the Grabow (135-200 g C m-2 a-I), to the western basin, the Saaler Bodden (> 600 g C m-2 a-I). Having been carried out over three decades (Schiewer et al. 1994), our studies permit to provide reliable characteristics of this ongoing stepwise eutrophication (Fig. 2), culminating in the present polytrophic stage. It is essentially characterised by a loss of diatom predominance during a critical phase before 1969, followed by 24 Ulrich Schiewer l ------ critical point Meso-/Eutrophic ca.

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