Behavioural Methods in Consciousness Research by Morten Overgaard

By Morten Overgaard

The prior 20 years have visible a surge of curiosity within the subject of attention, with the outcome that the study literature has increased enormously. although, earlier, there was little consensus on simply which equipment are the best for the examine of recognition. therefore, quite a lot of experimental paradigms were hired, occasionally making it diverse to match and distinction experimental findings.

'Behavioural tools in realization examine' is the 1st publication of its type, delivering an outline of tools and techniques for learning cognizance. The chapters are written by way of prime researchers and specialists, who describe the equipment they really use of their personal stories, besides their pitfalls, difficulties, and problems.

For all scholars and researchers embarking on learn during this region - or even pro researchers - this e-book is a worthy resource of knowledge in assisting them layout, practice, and examine scientifically rigorous experiments.

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In contrast, indirect measures, such as stem completion in implicit memory tasks, make no reference to the relevant discrimination. By assumption, direct measures should exhibit greater or equal sensitivity 31 32 How can we measure awareness?

Perceptual fading and motion-induced blindness. In these paradigms, based on an inherent property of the visual system, one or more features of the image gradually disappear from conscious perception as the person is looking at it. With perceptual fading, people often have to focus on a specific spot, causing the rest of the image to gradually disappear. With motion-induced blindness, a stationary part of a stimulus disappears from the conscious percept through the movement of a different stimulus that overlays the former.

2006) Introspection in science. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 629–633. Overgaard, M. (2009) How can we know if patients in coma, vegetative state or minimally conscious state are conscious? Progress in Brain Research, 177, 11–19. Overgaard, M. and Grünbaum, T. (2012) Cognitive and non-cognitive conceptions of consciousness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 16, 137. Overgaard, M. and Mogensen, J. (2011) A framework for the study of multiple realizations: the importance of levels of analysis. Frontiers in Psychology: Consciousness Research, 2, 1–10.

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