By Gerry T. M. Altmann
Cognitive versions of Speech Processing provides wide experiences of present considering on psycholinguistic and computational issues in speech reputation and natural-language processing, besides a considerable physique of latest experimental information and computational simulations. issues variety from lexical entry and the popularity of phrases in non-stop speech to syntactic processing and the courting among syntactic and intonational structure.A Bradford ebook. ACL-MIT Press sequence in common Language Processing
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Extra resources for Cognitive Models of Speech Processing: Psycholinguistic and Computational Perspectives
We can ask how the listener deals with this ambiguity. Which lexical hypotheses are activated during the processing of such sequences, and how does the listener converge upon the correct one(s)? This kind oflexical ambiguity is extremely common in many languages. This should not come as a great surprise, since the basic building blocks of words-phonemes and syllables-are themselves often words. With the advent ofcomputerized dictionaries it has become possible to give a precise characterization of the amount of overlap and embedding found in the lexicon.
Accessto the , J. , and Besner mentallexicon. In S. ) Attentionand Performance , vol. 6. AcademicPress . Cutler, A. 1976. Phonememonitoring reactiontime as a function of preceding andPsychophysics 20: 55- 60. intonationcontour. , and CarterD . M. The predominance 2: 133- 142. , and NorrisD . The role of strongsyllablesin segmentation : HumanPerception andPerformance . Journalof Experimental lexicalaccess Psychology 14: 113- 121. Boston: Francis,W. , andKuCera , H. Frequency Analysisof EnglishUsage HoughtonMifBin.
This account seems to agreewith the resultsof cross-modal priming experimentsby Zwitserlood ( 1985), reviewedin Marslen-Wilson 1987, to the effectthat when two words have both been activated by a shared first syllable, the more frequent of the two is activatedmore, the determining factor being the frequencydifference betweenthem. A determining role for the most frequent word -initial competitor, with no effect of overall cohort size, is accommodated by a winner-take-all architecture like TRACE .