Cognitive Neuroscience, 3rd Edition by Marie T. Banich

By Marie T. Banich

This article balances experimental and medical views with a survey of numerous psychological services. In a conversational sort, the authors supply transparent, obtainable factors of inauspicious innovations, using analogies and case reports to demonstrate them. A constant constitution all through each one bankruptcy defines a psychological functionality and the function of every half or components of the mind in that functionality, by means of a dialogue of what neuropsychological syndromes say concerning the cognitive and neural association of the psychological functionality.

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Quite simply, if a sound is located closer to your right ear than to your left, the sound will be louder at the right ear (and will arrive there sooner). 20 Location of primary auditory cortex and its organization. The primary auditory cortex is located within the Sylvian (lateral) fissure. Its organization is tonotopic, with low-frequency tones processed more rostrally and also closer to the scalp, whereas high-frequency tones are processed more caudally and more deeply within the cortex. © 2010 Cengage Learning Because unilateral damage to primary auditory cortex disrupts the ability to judge the loudness of sounds, you can see why individuals with such damage have difficulty localizing the source of a sound.

First, all these brain areas are organized so that specific attributes of the physical world are “mapped” onto brain tissue. For example, motor control of a specific region of the body is controlled by a specific region of primary motor cortex. Thus, movement of the index finger is controlled by one specific region of the motor cortex rather than by many areas. Second, these maps are distorted relative to the physical world. They appear to reflect the density of receptors (or effectors) within a system.

She or he now places another marker number on the brain and stimulates at the next spot. The patient’s thigh begins to twitch. The neurosurgeon continues in this fashion until the whole motor strip is identified. The need for such detailed, individualized mapping is obvious if you consider that each individual’s brain is as distinct as each person’s face. Although neurosurgeons know that the motor strip lies in front of the central fissure, they do not know exactly where it is in any single brain.

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