By J. Mark G. Williams, Fraser N. Watts, Colin M. MacLeod, Andrew Mathews
This e-book responds to the explosion of curiosity in utilizing the equipment of experimental cognitive psychology to aid comprehend emotional issues, specifically universal anxiousness and depressive problems. It stories contemporary examine, concentrating on how emotion impacts the subsequent: awake and non-conscious processing, reminiscence bias and reminiscence deficits, attentional bias, schematic processing, decisions, ideas and pictures. It additionally explores how irregularities in those approaches can give a contribution to emotional issues
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Extra info for Cognitive Psychology and Emotional Disorders, 2nd Edition
This finding of narrow conceptual categories in obsessionals, which has emerged from studies using different tasks, thus seems reasonably secure. Regarding problem solving, Reed (1977) has suggested that obsessionals are impaired in inductive but not in deductive reasoning, and supported this with evidence that patients with obsessional personality perform worse than controls on number-series tasks, but are better at arithmetic. This is an interesting dissociation, but clearly the tasks differ in many ways, and so the results lend themselves to other interpretations.
A pioneering study was reported by Fransson (1977). In-depth interviews were used to explore the methods students employed in studying textbook passages, on the basis of which they were classified as having used 'deep' or 'surface' methods (see Marton, Hounsell & Entwistle, 1984). A strong association was found between high levels of anxiety and use of a surface approach. There was also a negative correlation between state anxiety and performance on a test of factual knowledge for the passage. However, the effects of anxiety only emerged with materials related to the subject the student was studying, which Fransson (1977) interprets as having induced stronger 'intrinsic' motivation.
This has been interpreted as demonstrating a filtering deficit in depression. Griffin, Dember & Warn (1986) noted the extent to which vigilance performance is normally affected by prior training with a particular signal frequency. Normal subjects who are trained at one signal frequency tend to go on detecting signals at that frequency, even when the frequency is changed. However, Griffin and colleagues found that this was not the case with depressed subjects, and they interpreted this in terms of a lack of adequate motivational involvement in the task.