Communication and Democratic Reform in South Africa by Robert B. Horwitz

By Robert B. Horwitz

The booklet examines the reform of the communications area in South Africa as an in depth and prolonged case research within the transition from apartheid to democracy. The reform of broadcasting, telecommunications, the nation details service provider, and the print press from apartheid-aligned apparatuses to in charge democratic associations came about through a posh political method within which civil society activism, embodying a post-social democratic excellent, principally received out over the robust forces of formal industry capitalism and older versions of kingdom keep watch over.

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25 percent. Although many doubted the reported election results from the IFP stronghold of Kwazulu-Natal, bringing the IFP into government was seen as indispensable to establishing political reconciliation and outweighed the significance of election fraud (see Reynolds, 1994). The South African transition thus seems to have followed much of the model sketched out by the choice-based analysis of democratic transitions. , Giliomee and Schlemmer, 1994; Adam, Slabbert, and Moodley, 1997). But there are features that make the South African experience somewhat different from most other transitions from authoritarian rule.

Mining changed the nature of the largely agricultureoriented South African economy and society. Massive inflows of capital and people who flocked to the new sources of wealth led to rapid growth. Mining attracted major investment in railways, as European and American investors scrambled for the minerals and the new markets inland. The great Witwatersrand gold fields were very large T 26 A R  C but of low grade and scattered very deep underground. To make money, mining entrepreneurs had to bring in large amounts of machinery and employ vast numbers of workers very cheaply.

The ANC focused rather on reaching agreement on a procedure by which a democratic government could be formed and a constitution written. The ANC demanded an interim government and an elected constituent assembly to write the first constitution. It also challenged the National Party’s dual role as government and primary political negotiator. The congress, or tripartite alliance, consisting of the ANC, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), and the South African Communist Party (SACP), flexed its muscles, organizing mass actions to demonstrate its popular support.

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