By Greg Fry, Jacinta O'Hagan
This significant new e-book presents a unique and engaging method of the learn of diplomacy. Taking as its start line more than a few influential contemporary views at the altering global order (from Samuel P. Huntington's "clash of civilizations" among the West, and the remaining to Francis Fukuyama's "end of historical past" thesis) the booklet brings jointly specially-commissioned chapters written in a hugely available kind via a very foreign solid of individuals.
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It is especially common in xenophobic discourses that cultivate a sense of fear of being swamped or flooded by aliens. Leo Kuper (1981) argues that dehumanization is a universal characteristic that precedes all incidences of genocide. 4 The more that target minorities are portrayed as 'dirty' or 'parasitic', the easier it is to rationalise a hygienic policy of 'cleansing'. In the post-Holocaust world international statespeople rarely describe the participants in ethnic conflicts as animal-like.
The East Asian challenge, therefore, is cultural, as well as economic and strategic. Furthermore, it is not anti-modern, but presents an alternative model of modernization. In both cases, the 'clash of civilizations' blends old with new rivalries, blending the ancient fear of 'holy war' and the 'yellow peril' into a modern 'Confucian Islamic conspiracy'. 31 32 'The clash' also suggests that challenges to civilizational cohesion can emerge internally. Concerns with regard to immigration relate perceptions of external challenge to internal challenges to the West.
For example, Auguste Comte, the father of modern sociology, noted that savages were like large children who got bored easily and 'found escape from boredom in warfare' (cited in Laffey, 1993, p. 49). Sometimes ethnic elites deploy the image of savage tribalism as a deliberate attempt to mask the culpability and rational agency of their governments. For example, a Human Rights Watch report argued that those authorities that orchestrated the genocide in Rwanda underlined the supposedly 'tribal' nature of the killings to make the violence appear the result of 'spontaneous, uncontrollable rage'.