By T. N. Thomson
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The Chartered establishment of establishing companies Engineers (CIBSE) has released AM14: Non-domestic scorching water heating structures, a finished program guide that describes a logical series of approaches to aid engineers layout effective heating platforms. The newly published booklet, protecting water-based heating structures for constructions except dwellings with a complete put in potential from 45kW as much as 2MW, is predicted to obtain a hot welcome from the construction prone neighborhood because the final CIBSE advisor at the topic was once released greater than two decades in the past.
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Refer to ANSI/ASC Z49 1 Safety in Welding and Cutting. 40 WORKING WITH COPPER TUBE IV. BENDING IV. BENDING Because of its exceptional formability, copper can be formed as desired at the job site. Copper tube, properly bent, will not collapse on the outside of the bend and will not buckle on the inside of the bend. Tests demonstrate that the bursting strength of a bent copper tube can actually be greater than it was before bending. Because copper is readily formed, expansion loops and other bends necessary in an assembly are quickly and simply made if the proper method and equipment are used.
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Apply a thin even coating of flux with a brush to both tube and fitting as soon as possible after cleaning (Figures 18 and 19). WARNING: Do not apply with fingers. Chemicals in the flux can be harmful if carried to the eyes, mouth or open cuts. Use care in applying flux. Careless workmanship can cause problems long after the system has been installed. If excessive amounts of flux are used, the flux residue can cause corrosion. In extreme cases, such flux corrosion could perforate the wall of the tube, fitting or both.