By Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie D. Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, Nora Roehner
Peacebuilding is an interactive technique that contains collaboration among peacebuilders and the successful elites of a postwar society. whereas essentially the most admired assumptions of the peacebuilding literature asserts that the pursuits of family elites and peacebuilders coincide, Costly Democracy contends that they not often align.
It unearths that, whereas family elites in postwar societies may possibly hope the assets that peacebuilders can deliver, they can be much less desirous to undertake democracy, believing that democratic reforms could endanger their substantive pursuits. The publication deals comparative analyses of modern situations of peacebuilding to deepen knowing of postwar democratization and higher clarify why peacebuilding missions usually carry peace—but seldom democracy—to war-torn nations.
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Extra resources for Costly Democracy: Peacebuilding and Democratization after War
After five years, Macedonia was both relatively stable and democratic. In East Timor, a twenty-three-year struggle for independence from Indonesia (1975–1998) ended in a referendum. Virtually every aspect of state building was supervised and funded by international actors under the aegis of a highly intrusive UN mission (United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor, or UNTAET). 23 Although a national crisis dampened expectations in 2006, East Timor remains a success story in the annals of democratic peacebuilding.
14 Clientelistic networks are an endemic feature of weak states; arguably they are the most basic form of governance practiced in countries where infrastructural power is weak. 16 Positions in the state administration are exploited to acquire personal wealth and status, and the distinction between private and public interests is intentionally blurred. For leaders who cannot rely on a solid governance infrastructure based on a professional and loyal bureaucracy, clientelism is a primary source of authority.
We asked about economic development, about previous experiences with democracy, and about neighborhood factors. Another section was devoted to factors such as the duration and type of war, numbers of factions, level of war-related destruction, and how the war was terminated. Next, we inquired about the scope and characteristics of the external intervention, focusing on both military and nonmilitary aspects. We also asked whether and how diplomacy, normative pressure, and/or persuasion contributed to the democratization process.