Cultural Psychology: Theory and Method by Carl Ratner

By Carl Ratner

This booklet seeks to deepen our knowing of the cultural features of human psychology. those are elements of psychology that originate in, are shaped by way of, replicate, perpetuate, and regulate social tactics and components open air the person brain. My motivation in pursuing cultural psychol­ ogy is either clinical and political. i feel that construing psychology as a cultural phenomenon is the scientifically right technique to comprehend psychology; a cultural research of psychology may also offer an important insights for political motion to enhance human lifestyles. The medical and political points of cultural psychology are inter­ established and reciprocally reinforcing. The clinical id and clarification of cultural elements of psychology can determine societal alterations that would improve human psychology-to support humans develop into extra intel­ ligent, far-sighted, logical, harmonious, worthy, ethical, and safe, and no more demanding, disturbed, prejudiced, aggressive, competitive, lonely, insecure, depressed, mystified, and irrational. Conversely, the political orientation of cultural psychology to reinforce mental functioning via comprehending and enhancing the social textile advances the clinical figuring out of psychology as a cultural phenomenon. Social pursuits direct cultural psychology to plan certain theories and techniques that examine cultural origins, formation, features, and capabilities of psychology. conventional theories and strategies usually are not unavoidably appli­ cable simply because they're expert by means of a imaginative and prescient of psychology as person, organic, or common. The medical research of cultural psychology is a fee on political analyses.

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Cressy, 1983, p. 29) Cressy notes that educational efforts to promote literacy were effective only when there was practical economic need for the skill. For people who had no practical economic need for literacy, "however persuasive the rhetoric, it foundered on the indifference to literacy of the bulk of the population who saw no practical need for those abilities. Where people needed CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY AND ACTIVITY THEORY 25 little literacy to manage their affairs ... it was difficult to persuade them to embrace a skill which was, for all practical purposes, superfluous" (p.

Sixty-eight percent of PMP working class women suffered later depression while only 7% of PMP middle-class women suffered depression. The psychological effect of coping strategies to PMP also varied with social class. Among working class women who were ineffective copers with PMP, 69% became depressed, in contrast to 25% of middle-class ineffective copers. Among effective copers (defined as aborting the pregnancy, marrying the father only if marriage was intended before pregnancy, or marrying a more suitable man if the father was unsuitable), 66% of working class women became depressed (the same proportion as among ineffective copers), in contrast to 0% of middle-class women.

The men who adopted the CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY AND ACTIVITY THEORY 39 new ideals did so actively. Yet their agency was definitely guided by social activities and concepts. The process is aptly described as follows: "As men increasingly carne to work in large, bureaucratic corporations rather than small shops; as they sought leisure in large, impersonal cities rather than in small towns, and as they viewed the world through masscirculation magazines rather than local newspapers, they began to devise new ways to think about their identity as men.

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