Desert Meteorology by Thomas T. Warner

By Thomas T. Warner

This entire quantity will fulfill all who want to know extra in regards to the climate and weather of arid lands.

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10. Average high pressure prevails in the subtropics of both hemispheres, Causes of aridity 29 Fig. 10 Global average sea-level pressure (millibars) as a function of latitude in both hemispheres, for January, July and the annual mean. (Adapted from Godske et al. ) centered on about 30◦ latitude, in both the warm and cold seasons. The strength of the pressure maximum in the longitudinal average is greater during the cold season, even though Fig. 5 shows that the strengths of the individual subtropical maritime high-pressure centers are generally greater in the warm season.

Miller (1961) has incorporated both annual precipitation and temperature, a surrogate for the evaporation rate, in a definition of desert. 4 in degrees Fahrenheit. That is, for higher annual mean temperatures, more precipitation is required to offset the greater associated evaporation rate. 2 in). Fig. 8 shows how this formula was defined graphically, based on prevailing vegetation. The R = T/5 line in annual-temperature versus annualprecipitation space roughly separates desert and non-desert climates.

Basic concepts 13 Fig. 4 Schematic of the different surface wind regimes, and the associated vertical circulations. The heavy straight line in the cross-section is the polar front, separating polar and tropical air masses, and the arrows in the crosssection indicate the direction of the north–south components of the air circulation. Shading shows general areas of cloud related to stable ascent along the polar front and convection in the tropics. Westerly and easterly winds are indicated with a W and E, respectively.

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