By Walker O. Smith Jr.
Polar Oceanography is an built-in synthesis of the organic, actual, geological, and chemical approaches that ensue within the polar oceans. The publication represents the 1st sleek interdisciplinary synthesis during this box
Read or Download Polar Oceanography. Physical Science PDF
Similar oceanography books
This can be the 1st ebook to explain intimately the two-way interplay among wind and ocean waves and indicates how ocean waves have an effect on climate forecasting on timescales of five to ninety days. Winds generate ocean waves, yet whilst airflow is changed a result of lack of power and momentum to the waves; hence, momentum loss from the ambience to the sea relies on the country of the waves.
This totally revised and extended variation of Marine Geology heavily examines the interrelationship among water and its existence kinds and geologic constructions. It appears to be like at a number of rules for the beginning of the Earth, continents and oceans, and the way those approaches healthy into the beginning of the universe. From immense submarine canyons to ocean volcanoes, this quantity covers the full realm of undersea landscapes and lifestyles types.
Contourites are a frequent yet poorly recognized staff of sediments associated with the motion of robust backside currents in deep water. even if we all know they're in particular universal alongside continental margins and during oceanic gateways, they've been surrounded by way of the talk due to the fact that they have been first well-known within the early Sixties.
- Ocean in Common: American Naval Officers, Scientists, and the Ocean Environment (Texas a & M University Military History Series)
- Oceanography from Space
- Fundamentals of Ocean Climate Models
- Deep Earth: physics and chemistry of the lower mantle and core
- Deep-water contourite systems: modern drifts and ancient series, seismic and sedimentary characteristics
Extra info for Polar Oceanography. Physical Science
Mon. Weather Rev. 109: 2323-2336. Clark, R. H. 1970. Observational studies in the atmospheric boundary layer. R. Meteorol. Soc. 96:91-114. Clark, R. H. & G. D. Hess. 1974. Geostrophic departure and the functions A and B of Rossbynumber similarity theory. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 7:267-287. Crane, R. G. 1978. Seasonal variations of sea ice extent in the Davis Strait-Labrador Sea area and relationships with synoptic-scale atmospheric circulation. Arctic 31: 434-447. 1986. Interactions between turbulence, radiation and microphysics in Arctic stratus clouds.
Drag Coefficients A plot of drag coefficients measured over sea ice in various experiments during the past 20 years has apparently shown an "increase of drag coeffi- Robert A. Brown 34 cient with time" (Fig. 13), although this is evidently a result of measurements being taken over increasingly rough ice, with increasingly unstable stratification, and with better accuracy. In addition, possible effects of baroclinicity and wind speed contribute to uncertainty in measurements. Overland (1985) made a comprehensive survey of measured drag coefficients over ice and the MIZ.
These values are hundreds of watts per square meter, compared with averagefluxesover the solid pack ice during AIDJEX of less than 10 W/m2. These and other heatfluxmeasurements were considered in the model parametrization shown in Fig. 17. Very few heat flux measurements exist, and the trends shown are based on CH behaving like CD in the models. C. Radiation and Clouds The polar regions are the heat sink in the earth's radiation balance. 16 Heat fluxes downstream from the ice edge in a cold-air outbreak from the Arctic Cyclone Experiment.